Local villagers preparing to go fishing on Lake Chad. (Image source: UNICEF).

Since the 1990s, many international organisations reported that Lake Chad was shrinking at an alarming rate. Together with NASA’s satellite images, scientific studies concluded that the lake has shrunk by 90% since the mid-1960s due to increasing temperatures and over-extraction of water resources. Several news outlets portrayed the lake as “destined to dry”, relating the phenomenon to the effects of global warming. The perceived environmental crisis prompted many international organisations to intervene in the region.

Lake Chad is situated in the Sahel Region of Africa and bordered by four countries: Chad, Nigeria, Niger and Cameroon. The lake is virtually a…


Bu makale 26 Ağustos 2020 tarihinde Şalom Gazetesinde yayınlanmıştır.

“Hatıralarımız silindi. Yaşantılarımız yok oldu. Esad´ın güçleri sadece evlerimizi değil, yuva kavramımızı da altüst etti. Türkiye şimdiden benim için bir yuva oldu. Hissedebiliyorum.” Bu sözler, Türkiye´ye sığınan ve şimdi İstanbul´da yaşayan 37 yaşındaki bir Suriyeliye ait.

Suriye’de devam eden iç savaş, tüm Ortadoğu’da beş milyondan fazla mülteciyi komşu ülkelere sığınmaya zorladı. Türkiye ise dünyadaki en büyük mülteci nüfusu olarak kabul edilen 3,2 milyondan fazla mülteciye ev sahipliği yapmakta. Bu denli büyük bir nüfusun ülkelerine yakın zamanda dönmesi mümkün gözükmüyor. Suriyelileri ülkede tutmaya yönelik AB-Türkiye göçmen anlaşmasının hâlâ geçerli olması ve Suriye’de…


An offshore wind farm.

This article has been written in collaboration with Ugurcan Turkkan, and got published in the King’s Business Review on 23 December 2020.

A 2018 report convened by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change concluded that the Earth’s temperature rose by 1°C compared to pre-industrial levels and is likely to increase by a whopping 2°C by the end of this century. This projection is in contrast with what 180 countries agreed in the Paris Climate Accord five years ago — namely keeping the temperature rise at 1.5°C. …


A Syrian refugee and his daughter infront of a billboard of Recep Tayyip Erdogan, The President of Turkey (Image Source: Sputnik News)

“Our memories are lost. Our lives are lost. They [Al Assad’s forces] not only ruined our houses but our idea of home. Turkey is my home already. I can feel that.” These were the words of a 37-year-old Syrian who sought refuge in Turkey, and now has a home in Istanbul.

The ongoing civil war in Syria has displaced more than 5 million refugees all across the Middle East. Turkey currently hosts more than 3.2 million refugees, which is considered the largest refugee population in the world. As the conflict in Syria is far away from peace and the EU-Turkey…

Erez Bernard Molinas

Studying Political Economy at King’s College London. Interested in current affairs of Turkey, MENA and the UK.

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